Welcome to SPOTPY
A Statistical Parameter Optimization Tool for Python
Purpose
SPOTPY is a Python framework that enables the use of Computational optimization techniques for calibration, uncertainty and sensitivity analysis techniques of almost every (environmental) model. The package is puplished in the open source journal PLoS One:
Houska, T., Kraft, P., ChamorroChavez, A. and Breuer, L.: SPOTting Model Parameters Using a ReadyMade Python Package, PLoS ONE, 10(12), e0145180, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0145180, 2015
The simplicity and flexibility enables the use and test of different algorithms without the need of complex codes:
sampler = spotpy.algorithms.sceua(model_setup()) # Initialize your model with a setup file
sampler.sample(10000) # Run the model
results = sampler.getdata() # Load the results
spotpy.analyser.plot_parametertrace(results) # Show the results
Features
Complex algorithms bring complex tasks to link them with a model. We want to make this task as easy as possible. Some features you can use with the SPOTPY package are:

Fitting models to evaluation data with different algorithms. Available algorithms are Monte Carlo (
MC
), MarkovChain MonteCarlo (MCMC
), Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE
), LatinHypercube Sampling (LHS
), Simulated Annealing (SA
), Shuffled Complex Evolution Algorithm (SCEUA
), Differential Evolution Adaptive Metropolis Algorithm (DEMCz
), RObust Parameter Estimation (ROPE
), Artificial Bee Colony (ABC
), Fitness Scaled Chaotic Artificial Bee Colony (FSCABC
) and Fourier Amplitude Sensitivity Test (FAST
). 
Wide range of objective functions, likelihood functions and hydroligcal signatures to validate the sampled results. Available objective functions are: Bias, NashSutcliff (
NSE
), log NashSutcliff (logNSE
), Logarithmic probability (logp
), Correlation Coefficient (r
), Coefficient of Determination (r^2
), Mean Squared Error (MSE
), Root Mean Squared Error (RMSE
), Mean Absolute Error (MAE
), Relative Root Mean Squared Error (RRMSE
), Agreement Index (AI
), Covariance, Decomposed MSE (dMSE
) and KlingGupta Efficiency (KGE
). 
Prebuild parameter distribution functions: Uniform, Normal, logNormal, Chisquare, Exponential, Gamma, Wald, Weilbull

Suited to perform uncertainty, sensitivity analysis or calibration of a model.

Multiobjective support

MPI support for fast parallel computing

A progress bar monitoring the sampling loops. Enables you to plan your coffee breakes.

Use of Numpy functions as often as possible. This makes your coffe breakes short.

Different databases solutions:
ram
storage for fast sampling a simple andcsv
orsql
tables the save solution for long duration samplings. 
Automatic best run selecting and plotting

Parameter trace plotting

Parameter interaction plot including the Gaussiankde function

Regression analysis between simulation and evaluation data

Posterior distribution plot

Convergence diagnostics with GelmanRubin and the Geweke plot
Relationship to other packages
A surprisingly small range of similar parameter estimation packages is available
 Pest Independent program for ModelIndependent Parameter Estimation and Uncertainty Analysis
 OpenBugs Independent program for performing Bayesian inference Using Gibbs Sampling
 JAGS Independent program similar to OpenBUGS
 PyMC Comprehensive Python package to analyse models with MCMC techniques
 STAN Available in Python (amongst others) implementing MCMC techniques like NUTS, HMC and LBFGS
 emcee Python package using a Affine Invariant Markov chain Monte Carlo Ensemble sampler
 BIP Python package for bayesian inference with a DREAM sampler
All of them have their pros and cons. To benchmark SPOTPY against these packages would be difficult because of wide variety of settings in different algorithms. The most related one is certainly PyMC, which brings many ideas into this framework. At the moment is PyMC limited to MCMC algorithms when analysing external deterministic models. To test other algorithms in such a straightforward way was the main reason why SPOTPY was developed. Consequently, none of the packages can offer such a wide range of different algorithms like SPOTPY.
Installation
Dependencies
The SPOTPY is an opensource package written in pure Python. It runs on all major platforms (Windows, Linux, Mac). SPOTPY requires just some standard packages:
Optional packages are:
all packages are preinstalled e.g. in the following packages:
Download
SPOTPY is available on PYPI and GitHub. This should make installation easy, as you just have to use a command window and type
pip install spotpy
Alternatively, you can download the latest version of SPOTPY with a SVNClient.
With this software you just have to check out: svn://fb09pasig.umwelt.unigiessen.de/spotpy/trunk
The recommended place for the SPOTPY package is in the sitepackages folder in your Python Path, just the location of all other Python packages.
Project layout
SPOTPY can work with any parameter distributions. A standard setup uses prebuild distributions from NumPy.
To benchmark the modelruns with a value, SPOTPY comes along with a wide range of prebuild objective functions.
All algorithms realized in the SPOTPY package can work with the Distributions and objective functions. One can use them for
uncertainty, sensitivity analysis or parameter optimization.
The three packages together can be run in any combination and results are stored in the ram
storage or in a csv
file.
The results can be analysed with some prebuild statistics and plotting features.
Above: Overview about functionality of the SPOTPY package
__init__.py # Ensures that all needed files are loaded.
analyser.py # Plotting features and statistic analysis.
database.py # Ensures a secure data harbour during the sampling.
objectivefunctions.py # Library of prebuild evaluation functions
likelihoods.py # Library of prebuild evaluation functions
signatures.py # Library of prebuild evaluation functions
algorithms/
__init__.py # Ensures the availability of all algorithms
demcz.py # Differential Evolution Markov Chain Monte Carlo
lhs.py # Latin Hypercube Sampling
mcmc.py # Metropolis Markov Chain Monte Carlo
mle.py # Maximum Likelihood Estimation
mc.py # Monte Carlo
sceua.py # Shuffled Complex Evolution
sa.py # Simulated annealing
rope.py # RObust Parameter Estimation
fast.py # Fourier Amplitude Sensitivity Testing
abc.py # Artificial Bee Colony
fscabc.py # Fitness Scaled Chaotic Artificial Bee Colony
dream.py # Differential Evolution Adaptive Metropolis
parallel/
mpi.py #Basic Parralel Computing features
mpipool.py #Basic Parralel Computing features
mproc.py #Basic Parralel Computing features
sequential.py #Basic Parralel Computing features
examples/
spotpy_setup_ackley.py # Example SPOTPY setup to analyse the Ackley function
spotpy_setup_griewank.py # Example SPOTPY setup to analyse the Griewank function
spotpy_setup_rosenbrock.py # Example SPOTPY setup to analyse the Rosenbrock function
getting_started.py # Recommended test file for starters
tutorial_rosenbrock.py # Source code for the Rosenbrock example the Tutorial
tutorial_griewank.py # Source code for the Rosenbrock example the Tutorial
tutorial_ackley.py # Source code for the Rosenbrock example the Tutorial
tutorial_Parameterlist_iterator.py # Example how to sample given parameter combinations
3dplot.py # Response surface plot of example files